Genetic testing for autoimmune diseases

What do we analyse?


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What are autoimmune diseases?

Autoimmune diseases occur when the body’s natural defence system cannot distinguish between its own cells and external agents (bacteria, viruses, etc.). This failure of the immune system causes the body to mistakenly attack normal cells.

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases affecting a wide range of body parts. The incidence and frequency of these diseases varies widely, and for some types of diseases is higher in certain populations.

An autoimmune disorder may cause: destruction of body tissue, abnormal growth of an organ, or changes in organ function.

An autoimmune disorder may affect one or more types of organs or tissues, mainly: blood vessels, connective tissues, endocrine glands (thyroid, pancreas), joints, muscles, red blood cells and skin.

Symptoms of autoimmune diseases

What genetic tests for autoimmune diseases do we offer at Genosalut?

At Genosalut we offer different genetic tests for the detection of variants associated with an increased risk of autoimmune diseases, including ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter’s syndrome and Behçet’s disease. These tests include: risk allele analysis, panels, exome analysis and genome analysis.

Study of allelic variants associated with an increased risk of certain autoimmune diseases. 

Thanks to the sequencing of all genes using next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, we can determine the presence of variants associated with autoimmune diseases.

Thanks to the sequencing of all coding (gene) and non-coding regions using next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, we can determine the presence of variants associated with autoimmune diseases.

Our value proposal


At Genosalut, we have more than 10 years of experience in counselling people with conditions where a genetic cause has been identified or is thought to be possible.


We are a close laboratory, we respond personally and we take the time to explain the report in detail to doctors and patients.

Professional interpretation of results

Because of our knowledge and experience, we are able to accurately interpret genetic results and offer professional advice.

Reference in the field

We are the point of contact for patients, doctors and clinics in all areas of human genetic diagnostics and prevention.

What role do genetics play in autoimmune diseases?

The causative factors for most autoimmune diseases are a genetic predisposition and environmental triggers that alter the immune system’s ability to ignore a person’s own tissues and cells.

  • Rarely, an autoimmune disease is monogenic, caused by mutations in a single gene.
  • Most often, autoimmunity is polygenic, with genetic risk determined by the interaction of numerous genes and multifactorial (environmental factors in addition to genes).
  • There are some autoimmune diseases (ankylosing spondylitis, Behçet’s disease) for which allelic variants have been found to be associated with an increased risk of the disease. Although these alleles are not the cause of these pathologies, their prevalence is higher in affected patients.

Despite the different types of autoimmune diseases, many of them share similar symptoms. The most common symptoms of autoimmune diseases are

  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Skin problems
  • Abdominal pain or digestive problems
  • Recurrent fever
  • Swollen glands

There are different degrees of autoimmune disease. Symptoms of autoimmune disease can be severe in some people and mild in others. Severity is likely related to multiple factors including genetics, environment and personal health.

  • Addison’s disease
  • Celiac disease
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Graves’ disease
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Pernicious anaemia
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Type I diabetes
Request an appointment with us

Opening hours

Monday to Friday from 9.00 am to 1.00 pm

Phone number

+34 616 59 01 65



Camí dels Reis, 308 (Clínica Palma Planas)

Contact form

Reasons for trusting Genosalut

First genetic diagnosis laboratory in the Balearic Islands

Professionals with experience in medical genetics

Detailed report of the results

Personalised attention for each patient

Wide range of genetic tests

Cutting-edge technology